Today we celebrate the birthday of an English scientist and architect robert hookeborn July 18, 1635.
Hooke discovered the law of elasticity known as Hooke’s Law, and invented the spiral of clocks. He was a virtuoso scientist whose field of research was very varied and included physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology, geology, architecture and naval technology. On November 5, 1662, Hooke was appointed Curator of Experiments at the Royal Society of London. After the Great Fire of London (1666), he served as Chief Surveyor and helped rebuild the city. He also invented or improved meteorological instruments such as the barometer, anemometer and hygrometer. Hooke is the author of the influential micrography (1665), the first book to include illustrations of insects and plants seen under a microscope.
Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (July 18, 1853 – February 4, 1928) was a Dutch physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Pieter Zeeman for the discovery and theoretical explanation of the Zeeman effect. He also derived the Lorentz transformation, which underlies Albert Einstein’s special theory of relativity, as well as the Lorentz force, which describes the combined electric and magnetic forces acting on a charged particle in an electromagnetic field.
Henri Farman, who died on July 18, 1958 at the age of 84, was a French aviator and aircraft designer who developed ailerons (1908) to solve the extremely difficult and dangerous problems of lateral control. His innovation then spread to all aircraft.
Chuck Smeeton is Chief Operating Officer of the Royal Institution of Australia.
Read science facts, not fiction…
There has never been a more important time to explain facts, cherish evidence-based knowledge, and showcase the latest scientific, technological and technical breakthroughs. Cosmos is published by the Royal Institution of Australia, a charity dedicated to connecting people with the world of science. Financial contributions, large or small, help us provide access to reliable scientific information at a time when the world needs it most. Please support us by donating or purchasing a subscription today.