Intl. conference to explore civilizations Halilroud, Jiroft
TEHRAN – A host of international academics, archaeologists and cultural heritage experts are scheduled to discuss the Halilroud and Jiroft civilizations.
Jiroft University in Kerman Province will host the first edition of the conference on February 12-13, 2022 to highlight the archeology and history of the Halilroud Cultural Basin, the dean of the university said.
“The conference will present the results of research in the archeology and history of the Halilrud Basin, and provide a platform for researchers and archaeologists to exchange views,” Morteza said on Saturday. Mokhtari, IRNA reported.
Jiroft, a fertile plain located in the Iranian province of Kerman, is a splendid cradle of civilization, which dates from the beginning of the Bronze Age (end of the 3rd millennium BC). Geological factors have meant that it has been neglected for years by tourists and archaeologists, who are generally more interested in Mesopotamia 1,000 km away.
Jiroft is surrounded by mountains on three sides, reaching some 4000 meters. Many Iranian and foreign experts see Jiroft’s findings as signs of civilization as important as Sumer and ancient Mesopotamia.
At the very beginning of the 21st century, heavy flooding along the Halil River swept away the topsoil from thousands of previously unknown tombs and led to the discovery of many artefacts that archaeologists believe belong to the early bronze (end of the 3rd millennium BC).
Surprisingly, the chlorite vases found at Jiroft were not an object unknown to archaeologists. Chlorite vessels similar to the astonishing examples found at Jiroft had been found from the Euphrates to the Indus, as far north as Amu-Darya and south to the island of Tarut on the Gulf coast. Persian in Saudi Arabia.
The main site of Jiroft consists of two mounds a few kilometers apart, called Konar Sandal A and B, and respectively 13 and 21 meters high. It was in Konar Sandal B that archaeologists unearthed the imprints of seals bearing the writing.
So far, archaeologists have excavated about nine vertical meters of Konar Sandal B, uncovering the remains of a monumental two-story glassed-in citadel whose base covers nearly 13.5 hectares (33 acres). Madjidzadeh assumes that this imposing edifice once housed the main administrative center of the city and possibly a temple and a royal palace.
Finding the facade of the structure was difficult enough, but locating an entrance took weeks for the team to dig through the clay hardened by millennia of rain.
In 2019, a team of Iranian and German archaeologists discovered remains of a prehistoric settlement during an investigation into an ancient hill in Jiroft. Senior Iranian archaeologist Nader Alidad-Soleymani and German professor Peter Pfalzner co-led a comprehensive investigation, which aimed to record evidence at sites previously excavated in the counties of Jiroft, Kahnouj, Anbarabad, Faryab, Rudbar, Qalehganj and Manujan.
ABU / AFM